The beginning of the Diamond Sutra

The Diamond Sutra (868), frontispiece and text. Digital image: © The Trustees of the British Museum



Bibliography on Buddhism (108)

For the bibliography on Buddhism, here is the 108 works from our graduate students' reading list for their qualifying exams. This list is updated regularly. (Revised 2020). Note: please excuse the format of this bibliography format. Microsoft Word does not work well with HTML text. Click here for a PDF copy.


Part 1: Primary Sources


  1. Dīghanikāya: Maurice Walshe, trans., The Long Discourses of the Buddha (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1995).
  2. Theragāthā and Therīgāthā: K. R. Norman, trans., Elders’ Verses I: Theragāthā (London: Pali Text Society, 1969) Elders’ Verses II: Therīgāthā (London: Pali Text Society, 1971).
  3. Divyāvadāna : Andy Rotman, trans., Divine Stories Divyāvadāna Part I ) (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2008).
  4. Buddhacarita: Patrick Olivelle, trans., Life of the Buddha by Aśvaghoṣa (New York: New York University Press & JJC Foundation, 2008).
  5. Hevajra Tantra, David Snellgrove trans. in The Hevajra Tantra: A Critical Study (London: Oxford University Press, 1959).
  6. Mulamadhyamakakārikās: Shōryū Katsura & Mark Siderits, trans., Nāgārjuna’s Middle Way: Mulamadhyamakakārikā (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2013).
  7. Mahāyāna sūtras: one of the following: Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā (Conze translation), Saddharmapuṇḍarīka (Kern translation), Vimalakīrtinirdeśa (Lamotte translation or its English version by Boin), Ugraparipṛcchā (Nattier translation).
  8. Śikṣā-samuccaya: Charles Goodman, trans., The Training Anthology of Śāntideva: A Translation of the Śikṣā-samuccaya (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016)
  9.  Bodhicaryāvatāra: Kate Crosby & Andrew Skilton, trans. Śāntideva: The Bodhicaryāvatāra (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996). 


  1. Atiśa’s Bodhipathapradīp: Richard Sherburne, trans., A Lamp for the Path and Commentary (London: George  Allen & Unwin, 1983).
  2. The Buddha’s Doctrine and the Nine Vehicles: Rog Bande Sherab’s Lamp of the Teachings, José Ignacio Cabezón, trans.  (Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 2013).
  3. Third Dodrup Chen Rinpoche, Wonder Ocean: An Explanation of the Dharma Treasure Tradition (gTer Gyi rNam bShad). In Hidden Teachings of Tibet, Tulku Thondup Rinpoche (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1986).
  4. Milarepa biography: either Lobsang Lhalungpa, trans., The Life of Milarepa (Boulder: Shambhala, 1984)
  5. Andrew Quintman, The Life of Milarepa (New York, Penguin, 2010).
  6. The Life of Shabkar: The Autobiography of a Tibetan Yogin, Matthieu Ricard, trans. (SUNY, 1994).
  7. Patrul Rinpoche. The Words of my Perfect Teacher, Padmakara Translation Group, trans. (Boston: Shambhala, 1998).
  8. Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen. A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes, Jared Kunga Gyaltshen, trans. (SUNY, 2002)


  1. 四十二章經: “Scripture in Forty-two Sections,” trans. By Robert Sharf in Donald Lopez, ed. Religions of China In Practice (Princeton University Press, 1996), pp.360-371.
  2. 牟子理惑論: How Master Mou Removes Our Doubts. A Reader Response Study and Translation of the Moutzu Lihuo lun, trans.  by John P. Keenan (Albany: SUNY, 1994).
  3. 洛陽伽藍記: A Record of Buddhist Monasteries in Loyang, trans. by Yit’ung Wang (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984).
  4. 冥祥記: Signs from the Unseen Realm. Buddhist Miracle Tales from Early Modern China , trans. by Robert Ford Campany, (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2012).
  5. 肇論: Essays of Sengzhao, trans. by Rafal Felbur. In Three Short Treatises by Vasubandhu, Sengzhao, and Zongmi (Berkeley: BDK America, 2017).
  6. 比丘尼傳: Lives of the Nuns, trans. by Kathryn Ann Tsai (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994).
  7. 摩訶止觀: Clear serenity, quiet insight : T'ien-t'ai Chih-i's Mo-ho chih-kuan, trans. by Paul L. Swanson  (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2018).
  8. 原人論: Inquiry Into the Origin of Humanity, trans. by Peter Gregory (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1995).
  9. 入唐求法巡禮記: Ennin’s Diary , trans. by Edwin O. Reischauer (New York: The Ronald Press Company, 1955).
  10. 壇經: The Platform Sutra, trans. by John McRae (Berkeley: Numata, 2000).
  11. 臨濟錄: The Zen Teachings of Master Linchi, trans. by Burton Watson (Boston: Shambhala, 1993).
  12. 虛雲自述年譜: Empty Cloud. The Autobiography of the Chinese Zen Master Xuyun, trans. by Charles Luk (Longmead: Element Books, 1988).


  1. The Heart of Dôgen’s Shôbôgenzô, trans. by Norman Waddell and Abe Masao, ( Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002 ).
  2. Kūkai and His Major Works, Hakeda Yoshito S. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1972 ).
  3. Miraculous Tales of the Lotus Sutra from Ancient Japan: The Dainihonkoku hokekyōkenki. Dykstra, trans. by Yoshiko Kurata (Hirakata City, Osaka-fu: Intercultural Research Institute, the Kansai University of Foreign Studies, 1983).
  4. Sand and Pebbles (Shasekishû). The Tales of Mujû Ichien, a Voice for Pluralism in Kamakura Buddhism, trans. by Robert E. Morrell  (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1985).
  5. Senchaku hongan nembutsu shū: A Collection of Passages on the Nembutsu chosen in the Original Vow compiled by Genkū (Hōnen), Morris J. Augustine and  Kondō Tesshō trans.  (Berkeley, CA: Numata Center Buddhist Translation and Research, 1997).
  6. Selected Writings of Nichiren, trans. by Burton Watson et al. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990).
  7. Tannishō: Passages Deploring Deviations of Faith, trans. by Shōjun Bandō BDK Series (Berkeley: Numata Center, 1996).
  8. The Zen Master Hakuin: Selected Writings, trans. by Philip B. Yampolsky (New York: Columbia University Press, 1971).
  9. Wondrous Brutal Fictions: Eight Buddhist Tales from the Early Japanese Puppet Theater, trans. by Keller Kimbrough  (New York : Columbia University Press, 2013).

Part 2: Secondary Sources



General works:

  1. Gethin, Rupert. The Foundations of Buddhism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988).
  2. Harvey, Peter. An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd edition: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).
  3. Strong, John. Buddhisms: An Introduction (London: Oneworld Publications, 2015).
  4. Williams, Paul with Anthony Tribe and Alexander Wynne. Buddhist Thought (London: Routledge, 2013).


  1. Aris, Michael. Hidden Treasures and Secret Lives (London: Routledge, 1989; Indian edition: Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1988).
  2. Beyer, Stephan. The Cult of Tara. Magic and Ritual in Tibet (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978).
  3. Cabezon, José, Sexuality in Classical South Asian Buddhism (Somerville, MA: Wisdom Publications, 2017).
  4. Collins, Steven. Selfless Persons (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982).
  5. Dalton, Jacob. The Taming of the Demons: Violence and Liberation in Tibetan Buddhism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013).
  6. Davidson, Ronald M. Indian Esoteric Buddhism: A Social History of the Tantric Movement (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002).
  7. Davidson, Ronald M. Tibetan Renaissance: Tantric Buddhism in the Rebirth of Tibetan Culture (New York:Columbia  University Press, 2005
  8. Dreyfus, George. The Sound of Two Hands Clapping (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).
  9. Dunne, John D.  Foundations of Dharmakīrti’s Philosophy (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2004).
  10. Gellner, David N. Monk, Householder, and Tantric Priest: Newar Buddhism and its Hierarchy of Ritual (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
  11. Gyatso, Janet. Apparitions of the Self: The Secret Autobiographies of a Tibetan Visionary (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2998).
  12. Hirakawa, Akira. A History of Indian Buddhism, Paul Groner, trans. (Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1990).
  13. Jacoby, Sarah. Love and Liberation: Autobiographical Writings of the Tibetan Buddhist Visionary Sera Khandro (New York: Columbia University Press, 2015).
  14. Kapstein, Matthew T. The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism. Conversion, Contestation, and Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).
  15. Lamotte, Étienne. History of Indian Buddhism , Sara Boin, trans. (Louvain-la-Neuve: Institut Orientaliste, 1988).
  16. Linrothe, Rob. Ruthless Compassion: Wrathful Deities in Early Indo-Tibetan Esoteric Buddhist Art (Boston: Shambhala, 1999).
  17. McDaniel, Justin. The Lovelorn Ghost and the Magical Monk: Practicing Buddhism in Modern Thailand (New York, Columbia University Press, 2011).
  18. Samuel, Geoffrey. Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies (Washington: Smithsonian, 1993).
  19. Schopen, Gregory. Bones, Stones, and Buddhist Monks: Collected Papers on the Archaeology, Epigraphy, and Texts of Monastic Buddhism in India (Honolulu University of Hawai‘i Press, 1997). or Buddhist Monks and Business Matters: Still More Papers on Monastic Buddhism in India (Honolulu : University of Hawai‘i Press, 2004).
  20. Seneviratne, H. L. The Work of Kings: The New Buddhism in Sri Lanka (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999).
  21. Snellgrove, David. Indo-Tibetan Buddhism: Indian Buddhists and Their Tibetan Successors (1 vol. ed., London: Serindia, 1987; 2 vol. ed., Boston: Shambhala, 1987).
  22. Spiro, Melford. Burmese Supernaturalism (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1967).
  23. Strong, John. Relics of the Buddha (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004).
  24. Tambiah, Stanley. World Conqueror and World Renouncer (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1976).
  25. __________. The Buddhist Saints of the Forest and the Cult of Amulets (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1984).
  26. __________. Buddhism and the Spirit Cults in Northeast Thailand (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1970).
  27. Wedemeyer, Christian. Making Sense of Tantric Buddhism: History, Semiology, and Transgression in the Indian Traditions (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012).
  28. Westerhoff, Jan. The Golden Age of Indian Buddhist Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.
  29. Williams, Paul. Mahāyāna Buddhism: The Doctrinal Foundations (2nd ed., London: Routledge, 2008).
  30. Ortner, Sherry. Sherpas Through Their Rituals (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989).


  1. Abe Ryūichi, Weaving of Mantra ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1999).
  2. Ambros, Barbara R. Women in Japanese Religions (New York: New York University Press, 2015).
  3. Benn, James. Burning for the Buddha (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2007).
  4. Buswell, Robert E., The Zen Monastic Experience (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).
  5. Campany, Robert Ford. “On the Very Idea of Religions (in the Modern West and in Early Medieval China).” History of Religions 42 (2003), pp.287-319.
  6. Chen, Kenneth. Buddhism in China. A Historical Survey (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972).
  7. Dobbins, James. Jōdo Shinshū: Shin Buddhism in medieval Japan ( Bloomington: Indian, University Press, 1989 ).
  8. Eubanks, Charlotte D. Miracles of Book and Body: Buddhist Textual Culture and Medieval Japan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011).
  9. Faure, Bernard. “Bodhidharma as Textual and Religious Paradigm,” History of Religions , Vol.25, No.3 (1986), pp.187-198.
  10. __________. The Rhetoric of Immediacy. A Cultural Critique of Chan/Zen Buddhism (Princeton: Princeton, University Press, 1991).
  11. Gernet, Jacques. Buddhism in Chinese Society. An Economic History from the Fifth to the Tenth Centuries (Columbia University Press, 1995).
  12. Gimello, Robert M. “Random Reflections on the ‘Sinicization’ of Buddhism,” Society for the Study of Chinese Religions Bulletin vol.5 (1978), pp.52-89.
  13. Groner, Paul, Saicho: The Establishment of the Japanese Tendai School (Berkeley: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of California/Institute of Buddhist Studies, 1984 or Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2000).
  14. Jaffe, Richard. Neither Monk Nor Layman: Clerical Marriage in Modern Japanese Buddhism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).
  15. Kieschnick, John. The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture (Princeton University Press, 2003).
  16. LaFleur, William R.: The Karma of Words. Buddhism and the Literary Arts in Medieval Japan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983).
  17. Lowe, Bryan D.  Ritualized Writing: Buddhist Practice and Scriptural Cultures in Ancient Japan (Honolulu:University of Hawai’i Press, 2016)
  18. McRae. John R. Seeing Through Zen. Encounter, Transformation, and Genealogy in Chinese Chan Buddhism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).
  19. Nelson, John. Experimental Buddhism: Innovation and Activism in Contemporary Japan. Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press, 2013)
  20. Rambelli, Fabio. Buddhist Materiality: A Cultural History of Objects in Japanese Buddhism (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007).
  21. Reader, Ian: Religion in Contemporary Japan (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 1991).
  22. Reader, Ian and George Joji Tanabe. Practically Religious: Worldly Benefits and the Common Religion of Japan (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 1998).
  23. Sharf, Robert H. “Buddhist Modernism and the Rhetoric of Meditative Experience." Numen, vol.42, no.3 (1985), pp.228-283.
  24. Shen, Hsueh-man. Authentic Replicas. Buddhist Art in Medieval China (Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press, 2019).
  25. Tamura, Yoshiro Japanese Buddhism: A Cultural History (Kosei Publishing Company, 2001).
  26. Teiser, Stephen F. The Ghost Festival in Medieval China (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988).
  27. Stone, Jacqueline. Original Enlightenment and the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999)
  28. __________. Right thoughts at the last moment: Buddhism and deathbed practices in early medieval Japan (Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press, 2016)
  29. Welch, Holmes. The Practice of Chinese Buddhism (Cambridge Mass: Harvard University Press, 1967).
  30. Williams, Duncan Ryūken. The other Side of Zen: A Social History of Sōtō Zen Buddhism in Tokugawa Japan (Princeton/Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005). 
  31. Yü, Chün-fang. Kuan-yin. The Chinese Transformation of Avalokiteśvara (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001).
  32. __________. Chinese Buddhism. A Thematic History (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2020).
  33. Zürcher, Erik. The Buddhist Conquest of China. The Spread and Adaptation of Buddhism in Early Medieval China (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1972).
  34. __________. "Perspectives in the Study of Chinese Buddhism," Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, vol.2 (1982), pp.161-176.


  1. Batchelor, Stephen, The Awakening of the West. The Encounter of Buddhism and Western Culture (London: Aquarian, 1994).
  2. Fields, Rick. How the Swans Came to the Lake. A Narrative History of Buddhism in America (Boston: Shambhala, 1992).